Meaning of a nation,
- Component of Our Nation
A nation refers to a group of people who have the same government, culture, economy, and history. These people live in a particular area which has specific and recognized boundaries. Examples of nations are Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, and so many. African continent include 54 countries which can also be referred to as Nations.
Components of nation,
There are seven components of nation, namely
- A country
This is an area of a land that has boundaries and It is under the control of a government. Our country, the United Republic of Tanzania, It was formed on 26th
April 1964, on that day Tanganyika and Zanzibar were unified to form a country. Also, Tanzania is bordered by the following countries,
- Kenya and Uganda to the north
- Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique to the south
- Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of Congo to the west
This the freedom that a country has to govern itself. This means that there is no external power that controls that country. There are two (2) types of sovereignty, namely;
- Internal sovereignty: This is where a country has to govern the power to supervise all its internal affairs.
- External sovereignty: This is where a country has the freedom to form its foreign policy
This refers to the selected or elected group of people who are responsible for controlling a country or state. In other meaning Government, It is the body of people which administers the state and maintains law and order. The government has power and authority to control and direct people`s activities within its territory.
This component refers to the persons who belong to a particular country. The Tanzanian people have their own central government, the national language, common culture, and history. The people in a nation must live peacefully, solve their problems and develop their nation.
This the means of communication used by a particular people, mostly in speech and writing. Tanzania has more than 130 tribes that speak their tribal languages but the national language of Tanzania is Kiswahili.
Culture refers to the customs and beliefs of a particular group of people. It also includes the people`s art, a way of life and social organization.
History refers to the past events that occurred in the development of a nation. Tanzania as a nation has a long history that includes events from pre-colonial, colonial and post-colonial times.
2. National symbols
Meaning of National symbols
A symbol is a sign that represents something, National symbols, these are signs which represent a nation. These symbols are very important as they are a reminder of our nationhood to us and to the rest of the world.
The following are the national symbols:
[*]The national anthem
[*]The Uhuru torch
[*]The national currency
[*]The coat of arms
[*]The national flag
[*]The presidential standard
- National anthem,
The national anthem is the official song of the nation. It is played or sung in a special occasion for stance,
Significance of our national anthem
- Before the president addresses the nation and after finishing the address.
- When the president is about to inspect a guard of honor.
- At the opening of international events such as football matches and conferences.
- When the president or vice-president visits another country.
- On the announcement of the death of the president or vice-president.
- When the national radio and television stations start and end their daily programs.
- When the national flag is being hoisted.
- It is the identity of Tanzania outside the country
- It makes Tanzanians feel proud of their country
- Uhuru torch,
The Uhuru torch is also known as the Independence Torch
. It symbolized the illumination of the whole country with freedom, bringing love where there was hatred, dignity where there were contempt and hope where there was hopelessness. The Uhuru torch symbolizes freedom and enlighten.
Significance of the Uhuru torch
- It symbolizes freedom and light
- It promotes unity in the country
- The messages passed around the country during the Uhuru torch race encourage positive social, political and economic change.
- It promotes development. Wherever the Uhuru torch passes, development projects are initiated for stance schools and health centers.
- National currency,
Currency is the system of money that a country uses. Our national currency is the Tanzanian shilling.
Currency is also called money, Money is used for measuring value, trading and paying for goods and services in a country. Also, it is used as the means of settling debts. Tanzanian money is in form of notes and coins.
Significance of the national currency
- It is used for buying and selling
- It is means of settling debts
- It used to measure value
- Coat of arms,
The coat of arms is the government logo or emblem. It is the official seal or stamp of the government. Our coat of arm has twelve components, these components represent various national interests, such as state power, economic bases, national culture, and history. The component of coat of arms is as follow,
[*]Two human figures
, the man, and woman represent the people of Tanzania. The two figures also symbolize the need for co-operation between men and women in order to bring about development.
[*]Two elephant tusks
, these represent our national heritage in terms of wildlife. Tanzania has beautiful national parks and game reserves in which different animals and plants are found in their natural habitats.
[*]Shield and spear
, the shield and spear represent the weapons that were used by Tanzanians to resist colonialism. These weapons represent the readiness of the people to defend their independence, also represent the national defense.
[*]Golden band on the upper part of the shield
, this represents the mineral wealth of the country. Tanzania has many different minerals, including diamonds, gold, and tanzanite.
[*]Flame of the burning Uhuru torch
, this is a symbol of freedom and enlightenment.
, this represents Tanzania as an independent state
[*]Red band on the shield
, this represents the fertile red soil found in our country
[*]Crossed ax and hoe
, these represent the tools which Tanzanians use to develop their country
, these represent water bodies found in Tanzania
[*]The peak of Mount Kilimanjaro
, this is the highest mountain in Tanzania and in Africa. This mountain is a source of pride for Tanzanians
[*]Crops (cotton and clove)
, at the feet of the man, there is a branch of the clove tree. At the feet of the woman, there is a branch of the cotton plant, these represent our cash crops.
[*]The inscription UHURU NA UMOJA
, this means freedom and unity, it is the national motto of the United Republic of Tanzania.
Significance of the coat of arms
- It is used as the symbol of authority and the government`s official seal
- It symbolizes our national culture and history
- It symbolizes state power and economic bases
- National Flag
The national flag is a piece of cloth with the special colored design. Our flag has four colors, these are Green, Golden yellow, Black and Blue
Significance of the national flag
- Green, represent the vegetation of our country.
- Golden yellow represents the mineral wealth of the country
- Black, represent the people of Tanzania
- Blue, represent the water bodies
- It is symbol of our independence
- It symbolizes the unity of Tanzanians
The constitution is a system of laws and basic principle that a state, a country or an organization is governed by. A constitution provides guidelines which the society must follow. Our country is ruled according to the constitution that was enacted in 1977
Significance of the constitution
- The government rules by the will of the people through the constitution
- The constitution is the basic law of which other laws are created
- Under the constitution, there is separation of power between the legislature, the executive, and the judiciary
- The constitution provides for elections through which the people elect their representatives in the government
- The constitution gives people the freedom to enjoy their rights
- The constitution provides individual with the mechanism to claim their rights before the courts of law
- Presidential standard
The presidential standard is a flag which is used during official ceremonies where the president is in attendance. It has a green background with a blue border and the coat of arms in the middle. The coat of arms on the presidential standard has no crops, human figures and the peak of Mount Kilimanjaro.
Significance of the presidential standard
National festivals and public holidays
- It symbolizes the authority of the president
- It is a state symbol of the president
National festivals are days when we celebrate important national events. Such days are usually public holidays, most offices and businesses are normally closed on such days.
There are two categories of national festivals,
[*]Civic national festival and holidays,
[*]Religious national festival and holidays
Civic national festival and holidays
- Independence day
This is marked on 9th
December every year, many activities take place to mark Independence Day. There are special programs at district and national level, Government officials, including President, address the people on this day. There is entertainment for the people such as parades and traditional dances.
- Revolution day
January 1964, the people of Zanzibar overthrew the sultan`s government. They formed a new government under the leadership of the late Sheikh Abeid Amani Karume
- Union day
April 1964, Tanganyika and Zanzibar united to form the United Republic of Tanzania. Sheikh Abeid Amani Karume (who was then the president of Zanzibar) and Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere (who was then the president of Tanzania) signed an agreement that united two countries, they also mixed the soil from Tanganyika and Zanzibar as a sign of unification.
Tanganyika African national union
- Saba Saba day
(TANU), the political part which mobilizes the people of Tanganyika to struggle for independence, was formed on 7th
July 1954. To remember this day, the government has established an annual trade Exhibition.
- Famer`s day
This day is celebrated on 8th
August every year. It is also known as Nane Nane day, on this day, farmers and traders exhibit their agricultural products, farm implements, and machinery. Each year one region in the country is chosen to host the national exhibition.
- Nyerere day
October, Tanzanians remember the death of the first president of Tanzania, Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere
- Karume day
April every year, Tanzanians commemorate they the first president of Zanzibar, Sheikh Abeid Amani Karume, was assassinated
- New year`s day
This holiday falls on the first day of January every year. People celebrate the start of a new year, this as an international holiday.
- May Day
May Day is an international holiday. It is also known as Labor Day, it is observed on the first day of May every year.
Religious national holidays and festivals
- Christmas and Boxing Day
Christmas Day is marked on 25th
December every year. On this day, Christmas remember the birth of Jesus Christ. They also exchange gifts and make merry with food and drink.
Boxing Day is marked on 26th
December every year. It is the day when Christians open the gifts which they receive on the Christmas Day.
- Good Friday and Easter Monday.
The dates to mark these days change according to the Christians calendar. These days usually fall between March and April. On these days, Christians commemorate the suffering of Jesus Christ, his death, and his resurrection.
- Maulid Day
This is the day Muslims celebrate the birth of Prophet Muhammad. According to the Islamic calendar, Prophet Muhammad was born on 12th
Rabiul-Awl in 570 AD.
Muslims mark this day at the end of fasting during the holy month of Ramadan. The end of Ramadan depends on the sighting of the moon, on this day Muslims give alms to the poor.
This is the day Muslims celebrate the end of the pilgrimage to Mecca. On the day of Eid-el-hajj, 10th
Dhul-Hajj according to the Islamic calendar, Muslims slaughter goats and sheep and eat together.
Significance of national festivals and public holidays
- These days mark important events in our country
- The celebration keep the history of the country alive since the Tanzanians are reminded of what has taken place in their country
- During these events, leaders pass important information to the public
- Public celebration provided an opportunity for citizens to meet and share views, experiences, and knowledge
- Celebrating together enhances the unity of Tanzanians