Learn English Tenses

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Learn English Tenses
KarlMarx Offline
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TENSE TABLE New.pdf
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LEAR
NING ENGLISH TENSES
Compiled By Mr. Ipyana Gwaselya Andrew
Ba, Political Science and Public Administration (UDOM)
0754 236 215
[email protected] #000000 solid;margin:15px;width:95%;">[td]Examplesinterrogative
 [/td][td]Tense
 [/td][td]Signalwords
 [/td][td]Use
 [/td][td]Form
 [/td][td]Examplesaffirmative
 [/td][td]Examplesnegative
 [/td][td] 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Simple Present
 [/td][td]everyday
 
sometimes
 
always
 
often
 
usually
 
seldom
 
never
 
first...then
 [/td][td] 
something happens repeatedly
 
how often something happens
 
one action follows another
 
things in general
 
with the following verbs (to love, to hate, to think, etc.)
 
future meaning: timetables, programmes
 [/td][td] 
 
 
 
 
 
Infinitive
 
he/she/it + -s
 [/td][td] 
 
 
 
I work.
 
He works.
 
I go.
 
He goes.
 [/td][td] 
 
 
 
I don'twork.
 
He doesn'twork.
 
I don'tgo.
 
He doesn'tgo.
 [/td][td] 
 
 
 
Do I work?
 
Does he work?
 
Do I go?
 
Does he go?
 [/td][td] 
 
 
Present Progressive
 [/td][td]now
 
atthemoment
 
Look!
 
Listen!
 [/td][td] 
something is happening at the same time of speaking or around it
 
future meaning: when you have already decidedandarranged to do it (a fixed plan, date)
 [/td][td] 
 
 
tobe(am/are/is) + Infinitive + ing
 [/td][td]I'mworking.
 
He'sworking.
 
I'mgoing.
 
He'sgoing.
 [/td][td]I'mnotworking.
 
He isn'tworking.
 
I'mnotgoing.
 
He isn'tgoing.
 [/td][td]Am I working?
 
Is he working?
 
Am I going?
 
Is he going?
 [/td][td] 
 
 
Simple Past
 [/td][td]last...
 
...ago
 
in1990
 
yesterday
 [/td][td] 
 
action took place in the past, mostly connected with an expression of time (no connection to the present)
 [/td][td] 
regular: Infinitive + -ed
 
irregular: 2.Spalte
 [/td][td]I worked.
 
He worked.
 
I went.
 
He went.
 [/td][td]I didn'twork.
 
He didn'twork.
 
I didn'tgo.
 
He didn'tgo.
 [/td][td]Did I work?
 
Did he work?
 
Did I go?
 
Did he go?
 [/td]
 
 
 
 
   #000000 solid;margin:15px;width:95%;">[td] 
 
 
Past Progressive
 [/td][td] 
 
 
while
 [/td][td] 
an action happened in the middle of another action
 
someone was doing sth. at a certain time (in the past) - you don't know whether it was finished or not
 [/td][td] 
 
 
was/were + Infinitive + -ing
 [/td][td]I wasworking.
 
He wasworking.
 
I wasgoing.
 
He wasgoing.
 [/td][td]I wasn'tworking.
 
He wasn'tworking.
 
I wasn'tgoing.
 
He wasn'tgoing.
 [/td][td]Was I working?
 
Was he working?
 
Was I going?
 
Was he going?
 [/td][td] 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Simple Present Perfect
 [/td][td]just
 
yet
 
never
 
ever
 
already
 
sofar,
 
uptonow,
 
since
 
for
 
recently
 [/td][td] 
 
 
 
 
 
 
you say that sth. has happened or is finished in the past and it has a connection to the present
 
action started in the past and continues up to the present
 [/td][td] 
 
 
 
 
 
 
have/has + pastparticiple*
 
*(infinitive + -ed) or (3rdcolumnoftableofirregularverbs)
 [/td][td] 
 
 
 
 
 
I haveworked.
 
He hasworked.
 
I havegone.
 
He hasgone.
 [/td][td] 
 
 
 
 
 
I haven'tworked.
 
He hasn’tworked.
 
I haven'tgone.
 
He hasn’tgone.
 [/td][td] 
 
 
 
 
 
Have I worked?
 
Has he worked?
 
Have I gone?
 
Has he gone?
 [/td][td] 
 
 
 
Present Perfect Progressive
 [/td][td] 
allday
 
thewholeday
 
howlong
 
since
 
for
 [/td][td] 
action began in the past and has just stopped
 
how long the action has been happening
 
emphasis:lengthoftimeofanaction
 [/td][td] 
 
 
 
have/has + been + Infinitive + -ing
 [/td][td]I havebeenworking.
 
He hasbeenworking.
 
I havebeengoing.
 
He hasbeengoing.
 [/td][td]I haven'tbeenworking.
 
He hasn'tbeenworking.
 
I haven'tbeengoing.
 
He hasn'tbeengoing.
 [/td][td]Have I beenworking?
 
Has he beenworking?
 
Have I beengoing?
 
Has he beengoing?
 [/td]
 
 
   #000000 solid;margin:15px;width:95%;">[td] 
 
 
 
Simple Past Perfect
 [/td][td] 
 
already
 
just
 
never
 [/td][td] 
mostly when two actions in a story are related to each other: the action which had already happened is put into past perfect, the other action into simple past
 
the past of the Present Perfect
 [/td][td] 
 
had + pastparticiple*
 
*(infinitive + -ed) or (3rdcolumnoftableofirregularverbs)
 [/td][td]I hadworked.
 
He hadworked.
 
I hadgone.
 
He hadgone.
 [/td][td]I hadn'tworked.
 
He hadn'tworked.
 
I hadn'tgone.
 
He hadn'tgone.
 [/td][td]Had I worked?
 
Had he worked?
 
Had I gone?
 
Had he gone?
 [/td][td] 
 
 
 
Past Perfect Progressive
 [/td][td] 
 
 
howlong
 
since
 
for
 [/td][td] 
 
 
 
how long something had been happening before something else happened
 [/td][td] 
 
 
 
had + been + Infinitive + ing
 [/td][td]I hadbeenworking.
 
He hadbeenworking.
 
I hadbeengoing.
 
He hadbeengoing.
 [/td][td]I hadn'tbeenworking.
 
He hadn'tbeenworking.
 
I hadn'tbeengoing.
 
He hadn'tbeengoing.
 [/td][td]Had I beenworking?
 
Had he beenworking?
 
Had I beengoing?
 
Had he beengoing?
 [/td][td] 
 
 
will - future
 [/td][td] 
predictions about the future (you think that sth will happen)
 
you decide to do sth. spontaneously at the time of speaking, you haven't made a main clause in type I of the if clauses
 [/td][td] 
 
 
will + Infinitive
 [/td][td]I'llwork.
 
He'llwork.
 
I'llgo.
 
He'llgo.
 [/td][td]I won'twork.
 
He won'twork.
 
I won'tgo.
 
He won'tgo.
 [/td][td]Will I work?
 
Will he work?
 
Will I go?
 
Will he go?
 [/td][td] 
 
 
 
going to - future
 [/td][td] 
 
 
when you have already decided to do sth. in the future
 
what you think what will happen
 [/td][td] 
 
 
 
be(am/are/is) + goingto + Infinitive
 [/td][td]I'mgoingtowork.
 
He'sgoingtowork.
 
I'mgoingtogo.
 
He'sgoingtogo.
 [/td][td]I'mnotgoingtowork.
 
He'snotgoingtowork.
 
I'mnotgoingtogo.
 
He'snotgoingtogo.
 [/td][td]Am I goingtowork?
 
Is he goingtowork?
 
Am I goingtogo?
 
Is he goingtogo?
 [/td]
 
 
 
 
   #000000 solid;margin:15px;width:95%;">[td] 
 
 
Future Progressive
 [/td][td] 
An action will be in progress at a certain time in the future. This action has begun before the certain time.
 
Something happens because it normally happens.
 [/td][td] 
 
 
will + be + Infinitive + ing
 [/td][td]I'llbeworking.
 
He'llbeworking.
 
I'llbegoing.
 
He'llbegoing.
 [/td][td]I won'tbeworking.
 
He won'tbeworking.
 
I won'tbegoing.
 
He won'tbegoing.
 [/td][td]Will I beworking?
 
Will he beworking?
 
Will I begoing?
 
Will he begoing?
 [/td][td] 
 
 
Future Perfect Simple
 [/td][td] 
 
 
sth. will already have happened before a certain time in the future
 [/td][td] 
will + have + pastparticiple*
 
*(infinitive + -ed) or (3rdcolumnoftableofirregularverbs)
 [/td][td]I'llhaveworked.
 
He'llhaveworked.
 
I'llhavegone.
 
He'llhavegone.
 [/td][td]I won'thaveworked.
 
He won'thave worked.
 
I won'thavegone.
 
He won'thavegone.
 [/td][td]Will I haveworked?
 
Will he haveworked?
 
Will I havegone?
 
Will he havegone?
 [/td][td] 
 
 
 
Future Perfect Progressive
 [/td][td] 
 
 
sth. will already have happened before a certain time in the future
 
emphasis:lengthoftimeofanaction
 [/td][td] 
 
 
 
 
will + have + been + Infinitive + ing
 [/td][td]I'llhavebeenworking.
 
He'llhavebeenworking.
 
I'llhavebeengoing.
 
He'llhavebeengoing.
 [/td][td]I won'thavebeenworking.
 
He won'thavebeenworking.
 
I won'thavebeengoing.
 
He won'thavebeengoing.
 [/td][td]Will I havebeenworking?
 
Will he havebeenworking?
 
Will I havebeenworking?
 
Will he havebeenworking?
 [/td][td] 
 
 
Conditional Simple
 [/td][td] 
 
sth. that might happen
 
main clause in type II of the if clauses
 [/td][td] 
 
 
would + Infinitive
 [/td][td]I wouldwork.
 
He wouldwork.
 
I wouldgo.
 
He wouldgo.
 [/td][td]I wouldn'twork.
 
He wouldn'twork.
 
I wouldn'tgo.
 
He wouldn'tgo.
 [/td][td]Would I work?
 
Would he work?
 
Would I work?
 
Would he work?
 [/td]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 #000000 solid;margin:15px;width:95%;">[td] 
 
 
 
Conditional Progressive
 [/td][td] 
 
 
sth. that might happen
 
emphasis:lengthoftimeofanaction
 [/td][td] 
 
 
 
would + be + Infinitive + ing
 [/td][td]I wouldbeworking.
 
He wouldbeworking.
 
I wouldbegoing.
 
He wouldbegoing.
 [/td][td]I wouldn'tbeworking.
 
He wouldn'tbeworking.
 
I wouldn'tbegoing.
 
He wouldn'tbegoing.
 [/td][td]Would I beworking?
 
Would he beworking?
 
Would I begoing?
 
Would he begoing?
 [/td][td] 
 
 
 
 
Conditional Perfect
 [/td][td] 
 
sth. that might have happened in the past
 
(It's too late now.)
 
main clause in type III of the if clauses
 [/td][td] 
 
 
would + have + pastparticiple*
 
*(infinitive + -ed) or (3rdcolumnoftableofirregularverbs)
 [/td][td]I wouldhaveworked.
 
He wouldhaveworked.
 
I wouldhavegone.
 
He wouldhavegone.
 [/td][td]I wouldn'thaveworked.
 
He wouldn'thaveworked.
 
I wouldn'thavegone.
 
He wouldn'thavegone.
 [/td][td]Would I haveworked?
 
Would he haveworked?
 
Would I havegone?
 
Would he havegone?
 [/td][td] 
 
 
 
Conditional Perfect Progressive
 [/td][td] 
 
sth. that might have happened in the past
 
(It's too late now.)
 
emphasis:lengthoftimeofanaction
 [/td][td] 
 
 
 
 
would + have + been + Infinitive + ing
 [/td][td]I wouldhavebeenworking.
 
He wouldhavebeengoing.
 
I wouldhavebeengoing.
 
He wouldhavebeengoing.
 [/td][td]I wouldn'thavebeenworking.
 
He wouldn'thavebeengoing.
 
I wouldn'thavebeengoing.
 
He wouldn'thavebeengoing.
 [/td][td]Would I havebeenworking?
 
Would he
havebeenworking?
 
Would I havebeengoing?
 
Would he
havebeengoing?
 [/td]
 
 
 
 
 
NB: We sometimes use Continuous instead of Progressive. Some signal words can be found in more tenses. We did not list signal words in the future. Always remember what action is described.
 
 
 
      
  
  

Tafadhari mods nisaidieni kuiweka post hii katika ubora.

Regards!  
(This post was last modified: 08-03-2015 12:02 PM by KarlMarx.)
08-03-2015 10:54 AM
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