Colonial Social Services

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Colonial Social Services
Omary Offline
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Colonial Social Services

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what is weakness and srength of colonial education
09-14-2016 07:40 PM
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Nelly kessy Offline
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RE: Colonial Social Services

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Colonialism is the establishment and
maintenance, for an extended time, of
rule over an alien people that is
separate from and subordinate to the
ruling power. It is no longer closely
associated with the term “colonization,”
which involves the settlement abroad of
people from a mother country, as in the
case of the ancient Greek colonies or the
Americas. Colonialism has now come to
be identified with rule over peoples of
different race inhabiting lands
separated by salt water from the
imperial center; more particularly, it
signifies direct political control by
European states or states settled by
Europeans, as the United States or
Australia, over peoples of other races,
notably over Asians and Africans. To
this category should be added Japan’s
rule over her dependent territories, lost
after World War ii.
Some further features of the “colonial
situation” are: domination of an alien
minority, asserting racial and cultural
superiority, over a materially inferior
native majority; contact between a
machine-oriented civilization with
Christian origins, a powerful economy,
and a rapid rhythm of life and a non-
Christian civilization that lacks
machines and is marked by a backward
economy and a slow rhythm of life; and
the imposition of the first civilization
upon the second (Balandier 1951, p. 75).
The Belgians attempted in the earlier
years of the United Nations to broaden
the concept of colonialism to include all
ethnically distinct minorities
discriminated against in their home
countries. Contending that such
minorities were often in greater need of
UN attention than the people in
overseas dependencies, the Belgian
thesis proposed their acceptance as
nonself-governing peoples under
Chapter xi of the Charter. This
interpretation was generally rejected in
the UN and by the colonial and former
colonial peoples themselves. The most
serious shortcomings of the narrower
interpretation are that it excludes the
Asian and other non-Russian peoples in
the Soviet Union, alleged to be
dominated by the Great Russians, and
the Africans and Asians of South Africa,
barred from the main stream of the
country’s life by the apartheid doctrine.
South Africa lacks the geographic
separation of colonies from the imperial
center but can be at least partially
brought within the colonial rubric
because the dominant group is white
European whereas the ruled are of
different race and color. The Asian
peoples of the Soviet Union are usually
placed outside the traditional colonial
category even though Western observers
often accuse the U.S.S.R. of being the
colonial power par excellence.
Definitions of colonialism couched in
terms of value and emotion take quite a
different form. This is most true of
those left-wing analysts who can find
nothing but evil in colonialism. Thus the
“Great Soviet Encyclopaedia” of 1953
speaks of colonization as the military or
economic enslavement of any
dependent country and sees it as
accompanied by bestial exploitation and
extermination of the indigenous
population. The more leftward-inclined
Asian and African leaders frequently
denounce colonialism in similar terms.

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10-03-2016 12:58 PM
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Given Offline
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Colonial Social Services

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Nice info, @Nelly.


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10-03-2016 03:17 PM
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Nelly kessy Offline
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RE: Colonial Social Services

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(10-03-2016 03:17 PM)Given Wrote:  Nice info, @Nelly.


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10-05-2016 10:07 PM
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