In 1920′s Harlem with 2 million followers, Marcus Garvey started the largest mass movement in African American history. Here is a quick run down of Garvey’s involvement with Black Nationalism and the “Back to Africa” movement.Marcus Garvey recognized the inequalities faced by black people as he traveled from Jamaica to South American, and then on to the United States. Believing that people from all over the world of African descent should come together and form their own government in their native land, Garvey founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association. The purpose of the UNIA was to promote Black Nationalism, or an “independent African nationality… [having the universal purpose] to build up Africa in the interests of our race” (Garvey 998). Garvey thought there was no way a person of African descent could enjoy economic, social or political freedom and advancement as long as a white government was in control. It was Garvey’s theory that people of African descent should return to Africa and work together to create and build a nation that honors and uplifts African heritage and ideals.Garvey’s “Back to Africa” movement was appealing for a number of reasons. For so long black people accepted what they were told by the white population, that they were somehow “less than” because of their appearance and heritage. Garvey’s movement promoted unity and racial pride. African Americans could now hold their heads high and show pride in their accomplishments, especially those made under the great strain of oppression. With this movement large numbers of African Americans came together to support one another. This promoted a common understanding in the community, and offered support for each member to continue to fight for equality knowing that he never stood alone. Another appeal of the “Back to Africa” movement was the control that it gave to its participants. Nation building must have been an exciting venture, and to be in on the ground floor offered hope for a better life.
Let's discuss more on the causes and the objectives. How did they succeed? Marcus Gurvey na wenzake walifanikiwa?