Colonialism In Africa In 19th Century: Colonial Services

Post Reply 
 
Thread Rating:
  • 0 Votes - 0 Average
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
Share Topic: GooglePlus Facebook Twitter
A-LEVEL:  Colonialism In Africa In 19th Century: Colonial Services
MyElimu Offline
System
*******

Posts: 197
Thanks Given: 7
Thanks Received: 89 in 57 posts
Joined: Feb 2014
Reputation: 1
Country: Tanzania
Post: #1
Post Icon Colonialism In Africa In 19th Century: Colonial Services

0
0
Starting from the 20th century colonial Governments established a number of social services in Africa. Colonial economy. Examples of these colonial social services were:
  1. Colonial education
  2. Transport and communication
  3. Recreational services
  4. Water and electricity
  5. Health services

The aim of establishing these social services was to consolidate and facilitate colonization of Africa. That means they were built to favour the colonial Government in power.

1. COLONIAL EDUCATION
This was a type of education that was introduced by Europeans in Africa (this type of education was formal)This education was introduced to benefit the colonial Government and not Africans. It went together with the establishment of schools in areas with economic gains such as crop production areas.

Features of colonial education
  1. Colonial education was in pyramid shape that is the number of students who started continued be reduced while going to the higher levels.
  2. Schools were built on those areas with economic importance such as Kenya highlands due to the coffee production.
  3. Colonial education was discriminative in nature e.g. there were Asian schools, European schools and others for Africans.
  4. Colonial education was provided to the sons of African chiefs e.g. sons of Jumbes and few daughters obtained this type of education.
  5. Schools were built in urban areas and not rural areas. So as to favour the colonial Government.
  6. Education was basically on European culture e.g. training involved the usage of foreign language e.g. English, French etc.

Role of colonial education
  1. The role of colonial education was to train Africans so they may be used as administrators at the lowest posts e.g. Messengers, clerks.
  2. Colonial education was introduced to train sons and daughters of European colonial masters together with Asians.
  3. It was to produce African puppets that were to favour the colonial Government.

Effects of colonial education
  1. It produced educated elites who started to organize their fellow Africans to fight for independence e.g. J.K Nyerere, Kwame Nkrumah, etc.
  2. Colonial education killed African skills at large these skills remained in theory.
  3. It produced classes that is class of educated people and those who were not educated
  4. Colonial education led to the destruction of African culture e.g. on dressing, eating, etc.
  5. Africans started to dream on obtaining white color jobs (education was aimed for employment).

Transport and communication
Colonial Government built a number of roads, railways, telegraphs and harbours, airports etc.

Characteristics of colonial transport & communication infrastructure
  1. Roads and Railways were built in areas with economic importance e.g. areas with labourers or areas with raw materials.
  2. In some cases communication systems e.g. telephones were introduced in urban and not rural areas
  3. Railways and roads were built directly to the coast (to simplify import and export trade).

Roles of colonial transport and communication(During the colonial era)
  • It was useful for carrying raw materials from the interior to the coast and (imported) manufactured goods from coast to the interior.
  • Roads and railways were useful for carrying administrators and military troops from one area to another.
  • They were also useful for carrying labourers to those areas with colonial economic activities.
  • It was useful for connecting the interior and urban (e.g. Roads and railways)
  • They were useful for attracting Europeans e.g. Europeans settlers.
2. Recreational services
Colonial Governments built recreational centres such as hotels. These recreational centres were mostly built in urban areas so as to favour the colonial officials.

Characteristics of colonial recreational services
  • The recreational services were based on discrimination while they were built for Europeans and not Africans.
  • They were built in urban areas or areas with economic gains such as areas with settlers.
Roles of recreational services
  • Recreational centers were opened to attract Europeans (e.g. hotels, theatres, etc.)
  • They provided a meeting platform for the colonial masters meetings that were useful to consolidate and facilitate colonization of Africa.
 3. Health services

In order to facilitate colonialism the colonial powers established health services such as hospitals and health centres.

Characteristics of colonial health services   
i. They were widely found in urban areas and not rural areas because they were meant for the Europeans colonial masters and settlers.
    ii. These health services focused mostly on prevention of diseases more than cure, this was due to technological limitations at the time.
    iii. Health services were distributed in discrimination e.g. hospitals had different grades for different classes of people i.e. grades I, II, III.

Roles of colonial health services
Hospitals and health centres were opened to prevent and cure diseases for the European colonial masters, settlers and Africans labourers.All in all health services were established to favour the development of colonial economy in Africa. 

4. Water and electricity
Colonial Governments started to introduce these services in areas with settlers or colonial officials.These services were introduced to attract more Europeans to Africa, the colonial masters hoped to attract more Europeans in Africa to expand their economic activities.

 
(This post was last modified: 03-02-2016 09:14 AM by MyElimu.)
03-02-2016 09:12 AM
Visit this user's website Find all posts by this user Add Thank You Quote this message in a reply
Post Reply 


[-]
Quick Reply
Message
Type your reply to this message here.


Disable AutoMedia embedding for this link.   AutoMedia MP3 Playlist

Image Verification
Please enter the text within the image on the left in to the text box below. This process is used to prevent automated posts.
 

Possibly Related Threads...
Thread: Author Replies: Views: Last Post
Post Icon Social, Economic And Development And Production In Pre Colonial Africa MyElimu 0 106 11-08-2016 08:13 PM
Last Post: MyElimu
Post Icon Interaction Among People Of Africa MyElimu 0 183 11-08-2016 08:05 PM
Last Post: MyElimu
Post Icon Development Of Social And Political Systems In Africa MyElimu 0 117 11-01-2016 03:27 PM
Last Post: MyElimu
Post Icon A-LEVEL:  The Pre Colonial Education Tee 0 189 10-21-2016 10:04 AM
Last Post: Tee
  Colonial Social Services Omary 3 596 10-05-2016 10:07 PM
Last Post: Nelly kessy
Post Icon The Ngoni Migrations And Settlement In East Africa MyElimu 1 29,902 10-03-2016 07:18 AM
Last Post: Guest
  O-LEVEL:  Nationalism And Decolonization Of Africa Mbuchi Mjungu 1 1,518 09-18-2016 07:46 PM
Last Post: samsoni
Post Icon O-LEVEL:  Development Of Jihad In West Africa MyElimu 1 1,198 08-17-2016 11:05 PM
Last Post: Musa Ally
Post Icon O-LEVEL:  Establishment Of Colonialism In East Africa MyElimu 0 1,562 03-02-2016 07:21 AM
Last Post: MyElimu
Post Icon Slave Trade In East Africa Ifechi Sandra Ugwu 0 1,299 12-08-2015 07:02 AM
Last Post: Ifechi Sandra Ugwu



User(s) browsing this thread: 1 Guest(s)
@MyElimu @MyElimu @MyElimu